Regular eye examinations are vital to maintain clear vision and identify subtle changes in sight levels, but what actually happens during a routine eye test? These are the key stages:
Your history - To begin with, we’ll ask whether you are experiencing any specific health problems or potentially sight-related concerns, like headaches. Your overall health and current medications may be relevant, alongside details of previous sight problems or family histories of conditions.
Refraction - Those bulky spectacles and interchangeable lenses help us to determine what prescription strength will give you the clearest sight.
Muscle balance - By moving an object in front of your face, we can check your eye muscles are co-ordinated and ensure you have comfortable vision at varying distances.
Lifestyle - To assess your individual needs, we might ask about your occupation and sporting/leisure activities. This helps us compile a detailed understanding of your eye health and vision levels, plus any requirements you may have.
Pupil - reflexes Shining a light into your eyes allows us to check that your pupils react normally to light, since some neurological disorders may cause abnormal pupil reflexes.
Ophthalmoscopy - This health assessment is a critical stage of the test. Conditions including diabetes, cataracts and macular degeneration can be identified by your optometrist viewing your eyes through a series of lenses in a darkened room, while you look in different directions.
Intra-ocular pressures - If the fluid inside your eye has elevated pressure, it can indicate glaucoma. This is a disease that can seriously damage your sight if undetected. This test is usually performed on patients over 40 years of age, especially if there’s a family history of glaucoma.
Visual field testing - Loss of peripheral vision is one of the main signs of glaucoma, and visual field testing may also identify other neurological disorders.
At the end of the examination, we will explain our findings and give you a copy of your prescription or a statement explaining whether you need vision correction products. If you do, we can discuss the best options with you...